debounce delays the values emitted by a source until the duration Observable emits a value or completes. If within this time a new value arrives, the previous pending value is dropped and the duration Observable is re-subscribed. In this way
debounce keeps track of the most recent value and emits that most recent value using the duration observable as an indicator of where to do that.
The operator works in the following way:
- when new value arrives, execute a function to get the duration Observable
- subscribe to the duration Observable
- keep the value and discard old ones if exists
- when the duration Observable emits a value or completes, pass the stored value to the observer
- if new value comes before the duration Observable emits or complets, run step 1 again
The following diagram demonstrates this sequence of steps:
UsageLink to this section
This operator is mostly used for events that can be triggered tens or even hundreds of times per second. The most common examples are DOM events such as scrolling, mouse movement, and keypress. When using
debouce you only care about the final state. For example, current scroll position when a user stops scrolling, or a final text in a searchbox after a user stops typing in characters. In effect, using the operator allows grouping multiple sequential events into a single one and hence execute the callback just once. This can greatly improve performance.
Common scenarios for a debounce are resize, scroll, and keyup/keydown events. In addition, you should consider wrapping any interaction that triggers excessive calculations or API calls with a debounce.
Here’s an example of using
debounce on an input:
const inputElement = document.createElement('input'); document.body.appendChild(inputElement); fromEvent(inputElement, 'input') .pipe( debounce(() => interval(500)), map((event: any) => event.target.value) ).subscribe(val => console.log(val));
PlaygroundLink to this section
Additional resourcesLink to this section
- Official documentation
- How to debounce an input while skipping the first entry
- Rx.js Operators, Part II